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Evaluating sources using the CRAP test



Please use the following steps to determine if a source is reliable:


  1. Current - When was it written or updated last?  
  2. Reliable - Where did the information come from? Is there evidence to back it up or just anecdotes?
  3. Authority - Who wrote it? Are they experts or authorities about this topic?
  4. Purpose - Why was it created? What's the purpose? Does it seem biased, one-sided, sensational? Is it an editorial or opinion piece, trying to persuade, or to sell something? Or fact-based, objective, trying to inform the reader?
  5. Check with a librarian if you need further assistance when researching a topic.

Evaluating Websites using CRAAP